Malignant mesothelioma, a form of cancer that is comparatively rare, affects the mesothelium, the lining that protects the cavities heart, lungs, abdomen etc. Mesothelioma is usually confused with lung cancer, but the former influences the lining in the lung and also the latter, the lung itself. Mesothelioma clients are predominantly those who breathed in asbestos particles for prolonged periods.
Malignant mesothelioma is categorized in three types. Essentially the most frequent sort, the pleural mesothelioma, affects the pleura, or the outer covering of lungs and internal chest wall while the peritoneal and pericardial sorts affect the lining protecting the abdominal cavity and heart respectively. The caner is undoubtedly a killer, but mortality rates of these three differ slightly, with the pericardial mesothelioma being touted as the most dangerous.
From the time the victims were contaminated with asbestos chemicals, then after several years, some infected cells would turn into malignant cells. The infection usually assumes frightening proportions only after a number of decades. This long latency period may be the reason why many of our newly diagnosed mesothelioma individuals are workers who were exposed to asbestos fibers inside 1940s to 1970s.
The signs and symptoms will vary depending on which organ is affected by the deadly asbestos chemicals. Unrelenting dry cough coupled with shortness of breath is really a definite indicator of malignant mesothelioma attack. Sufferers may possibly even develop other signs and symptoms like fatigue, fever, pain around the chest, weight loss, night sweats, inflammation of the abdomen etc. Occasionally doctors misdiagnose the form of malignant mesothelioma affecting a specific patient, which results in wrong therapy.
When physicians diagnose patients with malignant mesothelioma, they will categorize each one of them to determine which treatment course is best for this certain group of patients. Essentially the most frequent remedy presently will be the combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation as from the case of most other cancers. This approach has its inherent risks as a result of the fact that most patients would be at probably the most advanced stage of malignant mesothelioma at the time of diagnosis. A lot of are administered only palliative therapy because of the hopelessness in the situation. But there is often a ray of hope here as some promising modern therapies are undergoing clinical trials or at the research stage.